Please wait..
Income Tax Calculator

How to Calculate Income Tax

For any tax paying individual, to have a working knowledge of how income tax is calculated can only make life simpler. It not only helps you assess the amount of tax you have to pay in a financial year but also gives you a clearer idea on how to save tax.

Income Tax is tax levied on the income of an individual by the Government. Computing your Income Tax for a year might seem like a complex process but you will see that it is easy, if you are aware of the income tax slabs of that particular year and know the mathematical calculation.

Knowing Taxation amount as per the Income Tax Slabs

The first step to understand the workings of Income Tax in India is to be aware of the taxation slabs released each financial year by the Indian Government. The taxation slabs for the financial year 2016-17 for General tax payers and Women: –

Income Tax Slab

Income Slab (Rs.)

Income Tax Rate

0

0 to 2,50,000

NIL

I

2,50,001-5,00,000

10%

II

5,00,001-10,00,000

20%

III

10,00,001 and above

30%

 

If you fall in Slab I, tax will be deducted on the amount that exceeds Rs. 2,50,001/- . Similarly, tax for Slab II and Slab III will be calculated for the amount that exceeds Rs. 5,00,001/- and Rs. 10,00,001/- respectively. The same principle also applies to the tax slabs for senior citizens (Aged 60 years but less than 80 years):-

Income Tax Slab

Income Slab (Rs.)

Income Tax Rate

0

0 to 3,00,000

NIL

I

3,00,001 to 5,00,000

10%

II

5,00,001 to 10,00,000

20%

III

10,00,000 and above

30%

 

India Income tax slabs 2016-2017 for very senior citizens (Aged 80 and above):-

Income Tax Slab

Income Slab (Rs.)

Income Tax Rate

0

0 to 5,00,000

NIL

I

5,00,001 to 10,00,000

20%

II

10,00,000 and above

30%

 

Deductions available for saving tax

To opt for saving the maximum amount of tax, examine the deductions defined under different sections of the Income Tax Act, 1961.

The available deductions are:–

  • Investment under Section 80

This section includes: –

  • Mediclaim insurance premium (u/s 80D)
  • Donations with 100% benefit (u/s 80G)
  • Interest repayment for education loans (u/s 80E)
  • New Pension Scheme for a maximum of 10% of the basic salary (u/s 80CCD)
  • And Rajiv Gandhi Equity Savings Scheme (u/s 80CCG).

 

The Investment limit for the deduction under Section 80C of the Income-Tax Act, 1961 was raised from Rs 1 lakh to Rs 1.5 lakh as per the budget 20014-15. This will result in a maximum saving of Rs. 15,450 to investors in the 30% tax bracket. The most common investments fall under this section: –

    • Life Insurance policies
    • Employees Provident Fund/Public Provident Fund
    • National Savings Certificates or Interest accrued on old NSCs
    • ULIPs (Unit Linked Insurance Plans)
    • Repayment of home loan for principal amount only.
    • Pension Funds u/s 80CCC
    • Tax saver Mutual Funds  – ELSS: Equity Linked Savings Scheme
    • Tuition fees of children’s education.
  • Housing Rent Allowance u/s 10(13A).This is an allowance you get as a company employee for paying house rent. Deduction available on House Rent Allowance is an amount which is the least of the following parameters:–

Actual HRA received

OR

Actual rent paid by you minus 10% of your basic salary and other allowances (excluding HRA)

OR

50% of your basic salary

In cases where the last two parameters determine the deduction amount, and turns out to be less than the HRA paid by your company, the excess amount is considered as a part of your taxable income.

  • Home Loan Benefit u/s 24. This gives you deduction for the interest that you pay on your home loan and the maximum deduction limit has been raised (as per 2016-2017) to Rs. Rs.2,00,000 for a self-occupied property. For a property that is not self-occupied, there is no upper cap on the deduction limit.

 

Calculating your Taxable Income and Income Tax

In order to do the calculation, it is imperative to understand how income tax is deducted. If your income falls within a certain slab only, say Slab I (as per the tax slabs mentioned above), then the calculation is simpler. But if your salary falls in more than one range, the income tax is the sum of the tax calculated from each slab as per the designated tax rate of the said financial year.

In other words,

Income tax for income in Slab II = 10% of Slab I + 20% of slab II

Income tax for income in Slab III = 10% of Slab I + 20% of Slab II + 30% of Slab III

Here’s an example* of the income tax calculation of a person earning Rs.10 lakhs, and a comparison of how he will fare with this year’s budget rules as opposed to those of last year’s –

Income tax calculation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As shown in the examples above, tax calculation is not as complex an affair as it is made out to be. You just need to be aware of the tax slabs for the financial year in question, the deductions available and how taxable income is determined. Once you have clarity on these three aspects, calculating your income tax becomes very simple.

Let’s read more on different types of tax saving investment options that are available today.

 

*sourced from – http://www.jagoinvestor.com/2014/07/budget-2014-highlights-and-download-income-tax-calculator.html

Share on FacebookTweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
  
Previous Article Next Article
Back to top

What are you looking for?

x

Log In To Personalise Your Page

Log in with Username

Forgot password?

Log in with another account

x
x

Query Form

I agree with the Terms & Conditions.

x

SUBSCRIBE

x